Important Skills

STUDY SKILLS 
 
• Manage time
• Organize backpacks & notebooks
• Improve memory
• Complete homework
• Read textbooks
• Take notes
• Study for & take tests
• Communicate with teachers & parents
• Complete long-range assignments 
• Set goals 
 
 
 

Tips to Improve Concentration 
 


1. Get Ready 
• Tell yourself "It is time to concentrate now," and mean it. 
• Turn off distractions such as the TV, instant messaging, and cell phone (off, not vibrate!). 
• Have everything you need to study, such as books, lecture notes, note cards, and a pen or pencil before you begin. 

2. Mix lt Up 
• Don't feel like you need to focus on one subject for hours at a time - work on math problems for a while and then begin that English outline. 
• Recite out loud the ideas you want to emphasize. 
• Take intentional 10 minute breaks every 50 minutes or so. Go for a short walk, get a drink of water or healthy snack. 

3. Pay Attention to Your Physical State 
• If you're hungry, eat food that will sustain you, such as fruit, vegetables, and protein, like lean meats, nuts, or dairy. Avoid sugary "quick-fixes" like soda and candy, which can leave you sluggish and unable to concentrate. 
• Exercise - Moving your body gets the oxygen and blood pumping toyour brain, helping you to have more energy and feel more focused. 
• Get some rest - when you're tired or sleepy, concentration becomes very difficult. 

4. Keep Your Eyes on the Prize 
• How will concentrating now affect your future? Picturing the end goal – whether an 'A' on an exam, a passing grade in class, or walking the stage on graduation day - can help to motivate you to focus on the present task. 

5. Ask for Help 
• If you are struggling with a subject despite your best efforts to concentrate, make an appointment at the Itır Aydın Higher Education Consultancy. We can help you with individual study skills.
 
8 Great Ways to Lower Your Grades 
lt's easier than you think!

1. Begin the semester expecting to fail. 
Since you already know the outcome, why bother trying? 
 
2. Skip class or arrive late often. 
You probably won't need the information later in life anyway. 
 
3. Don 't use a calendar or planner. 
You aren't going to class, so why would you need to remember when the test is? 
 
4. Do other things white you study. 
Working on math homework while you watch TV and check-in on Facebook shows what a great multi-tasker you are! 
 
5. Eat, drink, and be merry ... every night. 
That' s what college is for, isn't it? 
 
6. Stay up late often.
Your 8:00AM English class was really only a place to meet for breakfast..
 
7. Cheat. 
Not only do you not have to learn any material, but this shows how clever you are! 
 
8. Don 't set any goals for yourself.
Dreams and aspirations are for wimps!

 
For Better Test Scores, Get More Sleep
 

Sleep deprivation is a common problem among university students. Between social outings, family commitments, work schedules and heavy course loads, it can seem nearly impossible to get the peaceful, deep sleep that is necessary to function at our academic and personal best. On average, university students get less than 7 hours of sleep each night, which can lead to mood swings, illness, and the inability to make informed decisions, especially when taking exams for class. This handout will help you to better understand the importance of sleep when preparing for a test, as well as strategies for how to get better sleep.
 
why is sleep so important for high test scores?
• it helps us fight off illness. Ever notice how many students get sick just before or right after midterms and fınals? Sleep gives our bodies a chance to rest and recover so that we can stay strong against illness. When we don’t get enough sleep, our bodies cannot fight off germs, and we all know that it is hard to focus on a test with a runny nose and body aches.
• it helps us deal with stress. When we dream, our brain helps us cope with the issues we're facing in our waking lives. The brain needs to dream to restore biochemical imbalances caused by stress. When we don't get enough sleep, we can become irritable and unhappy. This is not good for us on a personal or academic level. When taking exams, one key study strategy is to think positively and envision a successful outcome; this is hard to do when we are cranky and unfocused from lack of sleep.
• it helps us to create and keep memories. This one is a "no-brainer." When we sleep, our brain has the opportunity to replay and retain information learnt during the day without interruption. Many students who practice test questions as the last thing before sleeping are able to better remember them in the morning.
• Sleep helps us to solve problems. Ever been faced with a decision and someone suggested that you "sleep on it"? This may not be a bad idea! While sleeping, we often are able to find imaginative or creative solutions to problems from our waking life because the brain is active even if our bodies are relaxed!

Checklist for Getting Better Sleep
 
 
Maintain a routine schedule for when you wake up and go to sleep - even on the weekends. Many of us love to stay up late and sleep in on weekends, but if you do it too often you will disrupt your body's routine, making it more difficult to sleep at normal hours during the week.
 
Avoid studying in bed. Train your brain to recognize your bed as a place for sleeping, not for doing nightly math homework or cramming for a challenging exam.
 
Create a relaxing routine before bed each night. Take a shower, listen to soft music, or even use a dim bedside lamp to illuminate your room in the minutes leading up to sleep.
 
Avoid intense exercise 2 - 3 hours before bed. Physical activity energizes us by increasing oxygen to the brain, which can make it difficult to relax.
 
Avoid caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, or sugar near bedtime. These substances can act as stimulants and interfere with our ability to fall or stay asleep.
 
Identify factors that disturb your sleep. Roommate snoring too loud? Outdoor lights coming through the window? Earplugs, steady background noise, and eyeshades can all help to reduce sleep disturbance.
 
Coping With Stress 
 

The word "stress" comes from a Latin root, meaning "to draw tight." Every day, people experience stressful situations in their personal, academic, and work lives. Stress is not necessarily a bad thing; it can be a healthy way to motivate us to be productive (ever hear someone say, "1 work better under pressure?"). Unhealthy stress, however, leaves us physically and emotionally drained. This handout provides you with a variety of ways students might experience stress and some strategies for dealing with it.

Helpful Stress
Stress that gives you an extra burst of energy - more adrenaline enters the bloodstream, heart, and breathing rates increase, blood flow quickens and muscle strength improves. Harnessing the energy of occasional stress can help you to meet physical challenges, solve problems, and meet goals.

Harrnful Stress

When there is no outlet for stress, it can become harmful. Chronic, unrelieved stress can cause headaches, backaches, loss of appetite, constant fatigue, depression, memory loss, and serious physical problems.

What are some reasons that people experience stress, and how can it be reduced? 
OVERWHELM

This is one of the most common occurrences among high school students - the feeling that there are too many commitments, too many directions to go at once. it can leave us believing that we have no controlover our lives.

Choosing New Behaviors
• List and prioritize what you need to do. Making a list of what you need to take care of will help you to see the things that have to be dealt with immediately and what can wait.
• Delegate. Perhaps you've taken on too many responsibilities as the president of an on campus club? Ask for others to pitch in and help you to complete tasks.
• Look for time-savers. Not enough time to study at night? See if you can fıt in a few hours between classes in the Library or Learning Center, instead of taking that afternoon nap.
• Start saying "no." It's not always easy to turn down invitations to social events, but if you're not fınding balance with your schoolwork (and perhaps even ajob), then it's time to stop adding to your already full plate.

Choosing New Thoughts
• Look at the bigger picture. Ok, so you haven't studied enough for your exam because you were too busy with other commitments, and you may not do so well because of it. But will this one experience truly leave a negative impact for the rest of your life? Perhaps it can be a lesson learned that you will avoid next time.
• Trust in positive outcomes. You know how things that seem impossible have a way of working themselves out? Trust that good can come from a challenging situation even if it isn't apparent how yet.
• Take a mental vacation. Picture a place that you love (for example, your childhood home, an empty beach, a snow-covered mountain) and let yourself be there for a few minutes. Remember that there have been times when you weren't always overwhelmed and you will have those times again.